Literary Fiction, with Reviews!

This semester I am enrolled in an Adult Reading Materials course at UNT where I have to read 2 books a week across various genres and then write book reviews. The information in this and future posts come directly from my assignments.

Reviews

A Man Called Ove, Fredrik Bachman, Simon & Schuster, 2012, $16.00 paper, ISBN, ISBN 978147673802

a-man-called-ove-9781476738024_hr.jpg“People say Ove saw the world in black and white.” Orphaned at age 16 and used to be alone, Ove moved along in life a principled man – right was right and wrong was wrong. And then, one day, Sonja crossed his path. Sonja “…was color. All the color he had.” Ove and Sonja, complete opposites, completed each other. But when Sonja passes, he ceases to know how to exist and decides he must join her in the afterlife. His post-Sonja days are spent planning and trying to succeed in his suicide. Much to his dismay, his millennial neighbors (and his least favorite animal – a cat he calls the Cat Annoyance) repeatedly interrupt his plans by showing he has a purpose. Bachman travels throughout Ove’s life to craft a story about living and dying, friendship and animosity, paradigm shifts, and finally, life after death. A Man Called Ove will make young adults value their elders and help older generations understand and find the value in today’s youth and just maybe help readers discover their self-worth.

Ordinary Grace, by William Kent Krueger, Atria, 2013, $16.00 paper, ISBN 978151645859

15803059.jpgFrank Drum was 13 in the summer of 1961. Looking forward to a summer of fun, Frank and his kid brother, Jake, work every Saturday on their grandfather’s yard in order to earn money for root beer and fireworks. Their summer turns tragic early on as both children experience four separate deaths. Frank and Jake are deeply entwined in the gossip, controversy, and secrets that fill their family and small-town following the deaths. They, through eavesdropping and breaking rules, are exposed to the harsh truths and realities of the grown-up world, to the complications and contradictions in which life is too rich. Ordinary Graces, a forced-coming of age tale, is filled with life lessons, consequences, loss, and graces, such as when Jake miraculously overcomes his life-long stutter in the midst of family stress. Krueger quietly and beautifully writes about the loss of childhood innocence and death paired. He offers up an eloquent novel that is part mystery, part story-telling that will leave young adult and adult readers pondering the losses they have faced, how they were changed because of it, and the means of moving on.  As Krueger closes Ordinary Grace, he writes, “The dead are never far from us. They’re in our hearts and in our minds and in the end, all that separates us from them is a single breath, one final puff of air.” This final passage illustrates that death does not mean the loss of memories and that through grace, we are still alive.

Literary Fiction

Until recently, I didn’t understand what was meant by the term literary fiction. I was aware of the different genres and just simply classified the intensively detailed novels as intellectual fiction. The blog posts I stumbled across this week serve as a means of better understanding literary fiction and how the two novels I read fit into this categorization.

In a HuffPost blog, Steven Petite, writes, “Literary Fiction separates itself from Genre because it is not about escaping from reality, instead, it provides a means to better understand the world and delivers real emotional responses” (Petite, 2014). This statement perfectly describes how I felt reading Ordinary Grace and A Man Called Ove. I felt as if the characters in both works could very well exist currently – nothing seemed unbelievable – and both novels attempted to make sense of real world problems and feelings, particularly death and interpersonal relationships. In a separate HuffPost blog, an astute distinction is made about literary fiction: an emphasis is placed on complex issues while placing an emphasis on the writing, not the plot (Triska, 2013). Including the previous characteristics of literary fiction, Nathan Bransford takes the definition further. He points out that literary fiction focuses on character development and writing style. He also puts on the hat of myth-buster and argues that in good literary fiction, a plot is present and typically within the character, rather than the character taking part in the plot (Bransford, 2007). For me, that is Ove’s change over time as he is forced to interact with his outside world or, in Ordinary Grace, it’s Frank’s coming of age as he becomes privy to the real world and its harsh realities.

The Los Angeles Review of Books (LARB) provides reviews of literary fiction.  LARB was particularly helpful in that as I read several of the book reviews, I was able to pick out the characteristics that make up Literary Fiction. For example, Jenny Hendrix’s review of Milan Kundera’s The Festival Insignificance immediately makes me think of A Man Called Ove when she writes, “ …the novel is peopled by lightly-traced, ordinary men leading insignificant lives concerned with largely minor things.” Just from this line, it sounds as though she is talking about Ove, however, this line, to me, evokes that the book is concerned with characters rather than action and adventure, as one could easily find in genre fiction. Hendrix later discusses another element of literary fiction – stylistic liberties. The novel she is reviewing jumps between time by the notion of the characters reminiscing. Both Ordinary Grace and A Man Called Ove play with the prose and time, as in the former the main character is recalling the events from 40 years earlier and in the latter, the book jumps back and forth in Ove’s life.

Literary fiction is not a one-size fits all genre (or is it even a genre at all). There are some similarities across works of literary fiction – such as the emphasis on characters and the very real problems they face as well as stylistic liberties the authors take – but book reviews, articles, lists, and podcasts help readers determine what kind of character or what types of problems that would like to read about. They also provide examples of other literary fiction. For example, The Booklist Reader provides the longlist for the 2017 Man Booker Prize, an award that is usually given to works of literary fiction. Some of the titles this year include Lincoln in the Bardo by George Saunders. Lincoln in the Bardodips into genre fiction, as it is historical, but what makes it literary fiction is that the novel utilizes a writing style similar to plays and incorporate real quotes. Additionally, it focuses on the heavy grief that comes with the loss of a child (Seaman, n.d.).

Another recommendation comes directly from Penguin Random House’s Literary Fiction Book List. Haruki Murakami, no stranger to difficult language, utilizes short stories to weave together the stories of lonely men (Penguin Random House, 2017).

References:

Bransford, N. (2007). What makes literary fiction literary? Retrieved from https://blog.nathanbransford.com/2007/02/what-makes-literary-fiction-literary.html

Hendrix, J. (2015). Dancing in the air. Los Angeles Review of Books. Retrieved from https://lareviewofbooks.org/article/dancing-in-the-air

Penguin Random House. (2017). Men with Women. Retrieved from http://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/547925/men-without-women-by-haruki-murakami/

Petite, S. (2014). Literary fiction vs. Genre fiction. HuffPost. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/steven-petite/literary-fiction-vs-genre-fiction_b_4859609.html

Ruzicka, M. (2017). 2017 Man Booker Prize Longlist Announced. Booklist Reader. Retrieved from http://www.booklistreader.com/2017/07/27/book-news/2017-man-booker-prize-longlist-announced/

Seaman, D. (n.d.). [Review of Lincoln in the Bardo]. Booklist Review. Retrieved from https://www.booklistonline.com/Lincoln-in-the-Bardo-Saunders-George/pid=8433908

Triska, Z. (2013). Literary and mainstream novels: What’s the difference? HuffPost. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/21/literary-novels-_n_3790198.html

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Stepping into the World of Comics

mausI recently read The Complete Maus for my comics and graphic novel course. I attempted to read Maus I several years ago but could not find a purpose. I think I wanted to read it simply because of the acclaim but the sadness of the Holocaust kept me away. Since it was required now, I had no choice. And, I devoured it very quickly! The work is magnificent. What I enjoyed the most is how human Vladek is portrayed – an angry, curmudgeonly old man who must save, save, save.

I did not find the topic of the Holocaust to be too emotionally upsetting in Maus as I have in other works (Night or Number our Stars for example) or history books. Speigelman’s art was not as graphic as one would think when dealing with such a heavy subject – part of this could be because it was in black and white so instead of seeing red blood you saw a black puddle. Another reason could be that humans were not used in most of the graphic novel, mice rather. There were two scenes that stand out that were difficult to me. The first was when the crying children were swung against the wall and the second was when we discovered that Artie’s brother was poisoned. If you notice, though, the full scene of the children being killed (against the wall) was not presented. It almost looks as though it was erased.

 

I have also read Deadpool Vol. 1: Dead Presidents (three stars), The Watchmen (four stars), and many years ago I read Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic (five stars). Funhome, assigned in my history of sexuality in the U.S. course, was the first graphic novel I ever read and really stuck with me. When I was still working in the public library, a teenage girl approached me looking for graphic novels based on true stories. Her mother was with her and this was the first book that came to mind.

All three of these titles remind me history (even though Deadpool is tongue-in-cheek/slapstick humor) and how graphic novels can frequently be utilized in the classroom. Librarians, teachers, and, parents, please understand that there are so many benefits to using these in the classroom or letting your children read them.

  • increased vocabulary
  • increased interest in reading
  • strengthened skills (memory, sequence, understanding language, reading comprehension)
  • children with autism have the opportunity to learn about emotion through graphic novels

Teaching with Graphic Novels

Raising Super Readers: The Benefits of Comic Books and Graphic Novels

Literacy & Graphic Novels: Why There’s Nothing Wrong with Teens Reading Graphic Novels

Up next:

 

Module 10: The Sons of Liberty

51EfLeOYnuLLagos, A. & Lagos, J. (2010). The Sons of liberty. New York, NY: Random House Children’s Books.

Summary: Graham and Brody are two runaway slaves from the Sorenson Plantation. seeking the help of Benjamin Lay, the friend of Benjamin Franklin. Benjamin Franklin’s son, William, a member of the royal army discovers the boys and tricks them into becoming a science experiment where he tortures them with electricity. He leaves them for dead only to his father to find them transformed with new powers. Benjamin Franklin takes them under his wing, and with the help of Benjamin Lay, embarks on a journey to train the boys to become fighters for what readers can only imagine will become America’s independence (the story ends too soon).

Impressions: My fascination with history is what attracted me to the book and I would hope that a graphic novel such as this, though incredibly far removed from fact might spark some child’s or young adult’s interest in the subject as well. I had a few issues with the graphic novel however, aside from some hand written text that was difficult to read (it was written in a cursive font and would have been easier to read at a large size), there was a difficulty in understanding the plot. I missed a key fact in the story. At the beginning, Ben Franklin’s son (I don’t remember if he was identified at that point) is taking animals to be tested with electricity. Later, I thought his son killed two runaway slaves but it turns out he was torturing them with electricity and other scientific experiments. As I was reading, I thought Franklin had found them dead and brought them back to life with electricity, in a Frankenstein type manner. The Lagos brothers could have been more clear in stating this fact or maybe I need to go back over these two sections.

Review: Colonial America isn’t your usual locale for superheroes, but such is the case here. Graham and Brody are runaway slaves, fleeing a cruel master and his slave hunter. Before they left, they were instructed to find the abolitionist Benjamin Lay, but first they encounter none other than Benjamin Franklin. Unfortunately, his son, William, has been using his father’s discoveries in electricity to play Dr. Frankenstein and subjects the two boys to electrical experiments. After they recover, they find out that they have gained an inexplicable and ill-defined set of superpowers. Under the tutelage of the Yodalike Benjamin Lay, the boys learn about their heritage, their abilities, and the African martial art dambe, of which Lay is a master. While this unique story certainly has possibilities, its flaws far outweigh its successes. Not only does the plot verge on the nonsensical, but it also meanders, changing direction and tone, and characters come and go without resolution. The colorful computer-aided artwork is at times dramatic, but it is also often clumsy and lacking any real emotional import. Other problems include the font chosen for Benjamin Franklin’s writing, which is illegible at times. Poor execution makes this a secondary purchase at best.

Davey, D.P. (2010, July). [Review of the book The Son’s of Liberty, by A. Lagos & J. Lagos]. School Library Journal56(7), p. 106-7.

Library Uses: Since graphic novels are becoming increasingly popular, it might be fun to start a graphic novel club or have a Learn to Write Graphic Novels night at the library. An expert from the community could be invited (or we could teach ourselves or just take a shot at it!) and spend an evening or afternoon drawing panels and writing.